And the holy quran also states that allah is the beginning, and the end. You are my witnesses, says the lord, and my servant whom i have chosen, that you may know and believe me, and. One of the oldest known religious texts is the kesh temple hymn of ancient sumer, a set of inscribed clay tablets which scholars typically date around 2600 bce. Christians believe that god is revealed through three dimensions. Hindu gods simple english wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The basic philosophy of sikhism revolves mainly around three concepts. The atharvaveda praises god in book 20, hymn 58 and verse 3.
In the west, where the mass majority of people are part of the abrahamic faith tradition with one god, the concept of polytheism is nothing more than fantasy or mythology worthy of comic book material. Christianity and hinduism are among the major religions in the world. This holy book is written in the sanskrit language. In judaism and islam, one god refers to one person. The major difference, if you analyze between islam and hinduism, that if you ask a common hindu, that how many gods does he worship. So, it doesnt really matter if you believe those, or. Christians worship one god, but the meaning of one god is different from what jews or islam understand by one god. This approach to divine worship continues throughout much of hinduism today. The scriptures of the vedas are meant to guide hindu believers in their daily lives. Which i have am written here its too precious, go through it please refer the below brahma sutra. And there are three persons in god father, son jesus christ, and holy spirit. Brahma, saraswati, lakshmi, maha vishnu, shiva, durga, harihara and ardhanarishvara. Both booksphilosophies are just projections and assumptions based on the individual or a group of individuals. Any organized religion has three main characteristics.
Hindu holy book coming to a nightstand near you cnn. Brahman is the name given by hinduism to the one absolute or supreme reality or god that is allpowerful, allpervading, beyond forms and attributes nirgun. Henotheism is a sort of synthesis of polytheism and monotheism in which one god is worshipped without denying the existence of the. Hinduism has about 900 million adherents worldwide 15% of the worlds population, which is just above atheism at %. This is worshiping a god, using mantras and making offerings. May 04, 2020 the sama veda or the song of knowledge is one of four vedas, a group of ancient texts believed to the divine. The most important deities in hinduism learn religions.
The book teaches that outward rituals and indulgence in the worldly pleasure only bring us pain. Bhagavad gita the holy book of hindus, is one of the major literature work from india to the entire mankind. Hinduism is neither monotheistic nor restricted to one religious scripture. What are 3 monotheistic religions and their holy books. For buddhists the tripitaka, or three baskets are the primary teachings. God the father, god the son, and god the holy spirit. The narration happens in the battlefield of kurukshethra. In the west, where the mass majority of people are part of the abrahamic faith tradition with one god, the concept of polytheism is nothing more than fantasy or. But in most of them a supreme god is regarded as an entity that exists and gives life to all things.
Unlike christianity or islam, it is a not a religion that is. The sama veda has a history of oral transmission for hundreds of years before it was written down in 1200 to bce at about the same time as atharvaveda and the yajurveda. Different forms of the supreme god are worshipped, depending on the hindu tradition. List of world religions and founders, religious books, place. This sacred text is divided into two main sections, the old testament and the new testament which are then further divided into various books. Henotheism is a sort of synthesis of polytheism and monotheism in which one god is worshipped without denying the existence of the other gods. Download the bible, the holy quran, the mahabharata, and thousands of free pdf ebooks on buddhism, meditation, etc. It is also the one considered most sacred by the hindus. Concept of god in hinduism hinduism facts hinduism facts. The hindu religion originated in india thousands of years ago. The three most important are brahma, vishnu and shiva. Other holy scriptures in hinduism are called the upanisads, the smrutis, the puranas, the ramayana and the mahabharata. To people raised in other faiths, hinduism may seem very complex, but the core beliefs of hinduism are actually quite simple to understand.
Christianity compared to hinduism essay 1566 words. Buddhism is a religion that was founded by siddhartha gautama the buddha more than 2,500 years ago in india. Some scholars equate the zabur with the biblical book of psalms. Feller learn with flashcards, games, and more for free.
Brahma the creator has a wife the name sarasvati who is the goddess of learning and the arts, vishnu the sustainer has a wife by the name lakshmi as well as shaki the. As with holy books, philosophies are thought up and written by our human minds. Some of the other holy works and books of hinduism. The rigveda states in book 1, hymn 164 and verse 46. This is called a tilaka mark and it is usually made with red powder or paste. Jesus is considered the son of god, born to the virgin mary and come to. Nov 04, 2008 max muller, the 19th century scholar of the veda coined the term henotheism to describe this practice. It is the biggest misconception about hinduism that hindus worship 330 million gods making hinduism a polytheistic religion, but in fact, hinduism believes in only one god but allows its followers to worship the god in many forms such as nature including trees, sun, idols, animals, etc. This trinitarian god is eternal as stated in isaiah. The simplest way to explain it is to say that god is a divine teamfather, son, and holy spirit. By showing the range and potential of a common conviction that god is one and unique, makes demands upon mans social order and the conduct of every day life, distinguishes those who do his will from the rest of humanity and will stand in judgment upon all. Bhagavad gita the holy book of hindus 2059 words bartleby. Cnnits about to get crowded in your hotel room nightstand. The epic of gilgamesh from sumer, although only considered by some scholars as a religious text, has origins as early as 2150 bce, and stands as one of the earliest literary works that includes various mythological figures and themes.
The most holy of the hindu books is written in sanskrit and is referred to as the vedas. The three persons are distinct, yet are one substance, essence or nature. Apr 03, 20 movies bheeshma day 4 box office collections. Hinduism holy book important books and writings of hinduism. It is the third largest religion in the world, behind christianity and islam.
The majority of the vedas are considered the shruti, which is translated to that which is hard. The holy book in the hindu religion is known as the vedas. Max muller, the 19th century scholar of the veda coined the term henotheism to describe this practice. Christian believe that there is only one god, but there are three elements to this one god god the father, god the son and the holy spirit. The vedas are scriptures that the hindu people use as a guide to daily and religious life. The vedas scriptures guide hindus in their daily life. People chose the form through which they wanted to seek god, thus there are so many gods note hindus worship many gods. Hinduism is the worlds 3rd largest religion with more than 900,000,000 followers note. Hinduism does not just have one sacred book but several scriptures. The most ancient sacred texts of the hindu religion are written in sanskrit and called the vedas. However in christianity, one god is oneness in essence and principle.
The primary sacred texts, known as the vedas, were composed around 1500 b. It is believed to have created the universe and many other gods and goddess to be his. The father, son, and holy ghost are three separate gods. Shiva, krishna, rama, durga, kali are among the most worshiped forms of god. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Aug 18, 2012 for buddhists the tripitaka, or three baskets are the primary teachings. Nov 08, 2019 buddhism is a religion that was founded by siddhartha gautama the buddha more than 2,500 years ago in india. Jul 28, 2017 hinduism has about 900 million adherents worldwide 15% of the worlds population, which is just above atheism at %. Naam, the name of god, shabad the word of god and sat sang, the company of the pious and the holy.
The holy books of world religions sacred texts in world. There are three main branches in it, 75 are credit and especially music has been included. However, learned hindus, who are well versed in their scriptures, insist that a hindu should believe in and worship only one god thus the major difference between the hindu and the muslim beliefs is the. Hinduism download books, sacred, spiritual texts and pdf. They work together in all of god s works, but now particularly through the gospel for the. Hinduism is a religion with various gods and goddesses. Jan 30, 2008 god is only one proved by hindu holy books common concept of god in hinduism. They also help to preserve the religious dimensions of family and society.
When we take the passages that are talking about a plurality in god together, we see there are actually three persons. The book teaches that outward rituals and indulgence. Five of the hindu holy books are the rig veda, bhagavad gita, sama veda, yajur veda, and athava veda. It is believed to have created the universe and many other gods and goddess to be his helpers. The bhagavadgita is literally translated as song of god and is a discussion between lord krishna and his student, arjuna, on revealing ones spiritual identity and a relationship with god, says vaisesika dasa, founder. The basic categories are congruent, the articulation of those categories is not. With about 470 million followers, scholars consider buddhism one of the major. Some of the other holy works and books of hinduism are stories and epic poems. In contrast to hinduism, where the three in one god have wives. Hinduism is unique because it is essentially a monotheistic faith which acknowledges polytheism as reflective of the diversity in gods creation. With about 470 million followers, scholars consider buddhism one of. What are the holy texts for buddhism hinduism and sikhism. The newest addition could soon be a sacred hindu text called the bhagavadgita. Three primary aspects of brahman commonly worshipped by the hindus with form and attributes sagun in.
The belief system in the hindi religion is outlined from these scriptures. If we are going by population, the largest three religions are christianity, islam, and hinduism and therefore the three holy books would be the. For instance three horizontal lines indicates the god shiva, and three vertical lines the god vishnu. Hinduism is unique because it is essentially a monotheistic faith which acknowledges polytheism as reflective of the diversity in god s creation. Hinduism does not possess a single holy book like bible in christianity and quran in islamic dharma. Both the sects believe in one god who assumes different forms and roles for the sake of creation. Hindus value many sacred writings as opposed to one holy book. The vedas and these other works are further divided into two sections. Being the creator god, brahma s name sounds very similar to the divine entity known as brahman. Why hindus worship so many gods and goddesses is a real mystery for most people.
It was narrated by lord krishna to prince arjuna in mahabharatha. Great, great, great book to explain the trinity to children. Lord vishnu did his job of preserving the world by incarnating himself in different forms at times of crisis. Christians believe in crucifixion in which god gave his life to resurrect people from their sins and arose again on the third day which is called the resurrection. Jul 19, 2011 the bible is quite clearthere is one true god, and he exists in three persons. So let us look up that record in heaven as stated, then considering the sun and its symbolic truths, the answer to the above question is made clear. For example, hindus believe there is only one supreme being, brahman. Christianity being one of the world tremendous religions has the largest number of followers.706 238 627 846 671 550 1324 454 1286 1091 334 273 719 65 1328 1182 1216 547 1289 949 567 878 388 979 1268 761 1001 1037 26 462 363 1186 1239 750 123